Sylhet is one of the major city of Bangladesh. Sylhet division is one of the most fascinating and archeologically rich region in south Asia. The Sylhet division is the northeastern division of Bangladesh. It is also known as Greater Sylhet region and located on the northern bank of the Surma River and surrounded by the Jaintia, Khasi and Tripura hills. It was previously known as Shilhat, Sreehatta, and Jalalabad. From the very beginning of the 20th century, importance of Sylhet city increased with the establishment of tea industry. In 1950s and 1960s, rapid urbanization took place in the town by the expatriate Sylhetis and still the process is going on. At present, Sylhet is the district-headquarter as well as the divisional headquarter of the districts of Sunamganj, Habibganj, Moulvibazar and Sylhet..
Particularly many Sylhet community members have found work and residence abroad. In the UK have been using remittances to found projects and industries within the Sylhet division. Allowing the export industry and foreign investment sectors to grow. Sylhet division has an excellent rail, road and air communication infrastructure. It is a prime attraction for all tourists like a flat roof tea garden, pineapple plantation, hills covered with tropical forests from a beautiful landscape and orange groves. The Sylhet has also good number of haors which are big natural wetlands. That haors provide sanctuary to the millions migratory birds that fly from Siberia to avoid severe cold. Another visiting place are Madhabkunda, Tamabil, Jaflong and Srimongal.
The main transport systems used in the city are Cycle rickshaws, auto rickshaws, mainly known as baby taxis or CNG, buses, cars and mini-buses. There are about 80,000+ rickshaws running each day. Sylhet is well connected by highways and railway links to Chittagong and Dhaka, as well as other parts of Sylhet. Highway links to India have been established through the Asian highway. The Sylhet Railway Station is the main railway station providing trains on national routes operated by the state-run Bangladesh Railway. The city of Sylhet is served by Osmani International Airport located at the north of the city. It is Bangladesh third busiest airport and became an international airport due to the demand of expatriate Bangladeshis and their descendants from the United Kingdom and the United States.
The grater Sylhet region is the most enriched area of Bangladesh in mineral resources. A large quantity of the total proven gas reserve and the only oil field of the country are located here. The area has also vast deposit of limestone, peat, glass-sand hard- rock grave. There are eight gas fields located in Sylhet region. Also the first 3 gas fields of the country were discovered in this region between mid 1950s and early 60s – Sylhet gas field in 1955, Chatak in 1959 and Rashidpur in 1960. The only oil field of the country is located in Haripur of the Sylhet district, which, was discovered in 1986. Limestone of Eocene time are exposed on or close to the surface in the Takergaht-Lalghat areas of the north-western part of the Sylhet region along its border with the Indian state of Meghalaya. Coal- Peat, Glass-sand, hard rock Gravel: about 2.5 million tons of peat reserve was discovered in the Moulvibazar area in the early fifties. Silica/Glass Sand- Shahzibazar of the Hobigonj district has Glass-sand reserve of about 1.41 million tons which discovered in the early fifties is dominantly composed of silica (over 95%).
Sylhet - However with the growth of new businesses being based in the city, there are criticisms for the lack of sustainability of the economy of the city. There are relatively few industries developed and is also lacking the levels of agricultural production, which is very low in comparison to other districts due to lack of interest in agriculture. Large numbers of remittance and investment is being spent in the city, but the first and second generation British Bangladeshis have not considered whether these investments will create new jobs for the people in order to create a sustainable developing economy. It has created a prosperity type of society, where school children believe that London will only provide success and these investments may have reached to the point of success.
Posted by: ABC Task