Transport System in Bangladesh



In the interim, public transport remains the primary mode of transport for most of the population, and Bangladesh public transport systems are among the most heavily used in the world. Bangladesh rail network is the longest and the most heavily used system in the world. Motor vehicle penetration is low by international standards, with millions of cars on the nation's roads. Transport in Bangladesh is an important part of the nation's economy. Since the liberation of the country, the development of infrastructure within the country has progressed at a rapid pace, and today there is a wide variety of modes of transport by land, water and air. However, there is significant progress still to be made to ensure uniform access to all available transport.

Bicycle transport in Bangladesh:

Bicycles are a common mode of travel in much of Bangladesh. More people can now afford to own a cycle than ever before many years. Maximum Bangladeshi households owned a bicycle. Bangladesh is a largest cycle product market in the south Asia. A significant prejudice against bicycle riding for transport exists in some segments of the population, generally stemming from the status symbol aspect of the motor vehicle. In our Bangladesh "bike" generally refers to motorcycle, and "cycle" refers to bicycle.

CNG transport in Bangladesh:

A CNG is a three-wheeler vehicle for hire that has both side doors and is generally characterized by a small cabin for the driver in the front and a seat for passengers in the rear. Generally it is painted in green color and private CNG color is silver but designs vary considerably from place to place. The color of the CNG is also determined by the compressed natural gas that it is powered by, for example Dhaka and Chittagong have green autos indicating the use of compressed natural gas.

Railways in Bangladesh:

Railway acts as an important method of mass transport in Bangladesh. Many districts of the country are connected via railroads. Bangladesh Railway was mostly inherited from the British-established Assam Bengal railway system after the partition of India in 1947. Bangladesh Railway's headquarters are located in the southern port city of Chittagong, which had historically been the south-eastern terminus of the Assam-Bengal Railway. After independence from West Pakistan in 1971, only a small length of new tracks were laid out. A major road-rail bridge over Jamuna River opened in 1998 to connect the previously isolated east and west rail networks. The border between India and Bangladesh cuts across rail lines, forcing them into the other country for short distances. This complicates border controls such as passport validation.

Public road transport in Bangladesh:


A road in Dhaka showing buses, taxis, autorickshaws and other modes of road transport, Public transport is the predominant mode of motorised local travel in cities. This is predominantly by road, since commuter rail services are available only in the some metropolitan cities of Bangladesh, Dhaka and Chittagong, while dedicated city bus services are known to operate in at least many cities with a population of over 1 million. Intermediate public transport modes like tempos and cycle rickshaws assume importance in medium size cities. However, the share of buses is negligible in most Bangladesh cities as compared to personalized vehicles, and two-wheelers and cars account for more than some percent of the vehicle population in most large cities. With continued economic growth and development, Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh is beginning to experience massive traffic congestion. Today, this is causing extreme frustration to the inhabitants of the metropolitan which is the largest and most crowded city of the nation. Many government and public transport agencies drafted policies, undertook projects and implemented programs to solve these problems. For example, the Dhaka Integrated Transport Studies conducted by the Ministry of Planning in 1991-1994 found that not only did the uncoordinated activities of Dhaka City Corporation (DCC), Rajdhani Unnayan Kartripakkha (RAJUK) and Bangladesh Road Transport Authority (BRTA) not yield the desired effects or alleviate the problems but also that there was no single organization responsible for improving the transport and traffic problems of the city.

Airlines of Bangladesh:

Biman Bangladesh Airlines is the national airlines of Bangladesh which commenced operation in 1972. The other Bangladeshi registered passenger airlines are NovoAir, Regent Airways and United Airways. All four of these airlines have a hub at Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport in Dhaka and operate both domestic and international flights Dhaka, with the exception of NovoAir which only offers domestic services.

Waterways transport in Bangladesh:


Boats are a major method of transportation in Bangladesh. There are 5,150–8,046 km (3,200–5,000 mi) of navigable waterways (includes 2,575–3,058 km or 1,600–1,900 mi of main cargo routes). Because of Bangladesh's many rivers, ferries are a major form of transportation. These ferries are notoriously dangerous. They are often overloaded, and they continue to operate during rough weather. Hundreds of people die each year in ferry accidents. Many types of boats are also used for transportation.

Walking communication in Bangladesh:


In ancient times, people often covered long distances on foot. Walking still constitutes an important mode of transport in urban areas of Bangladesh. In the city of Dhaka, to further improve the transit conditions for pedestrians, the Dhaka Metropolitan Region Development Authority has commenced to construction for need and clean footpath for all roads.
 Transport System in Bangladesh.