Feeder Vessel and Mother Vessel


Feeder Vessel:
A vessel which transfers containers from mother vessel to port and port to mother vessel  and port to port and others some nears place. Vessel employed in normally short sea routes to carry goods and containers to and from ocean going mother vessels. The smaller ports are served by the smaller feeder vessels which transfer the cargo to and from the major port terminals and thus keep the larger vessels filled closer to capacity and spare them the expense and loss of time in loading and unloading in the subsidiary ports. Capacity of a feeder vessel from 300 to 500 TEUs (20’ containers) for each FV.

Mother Vessel:
Mother vessel is a large boat for transporting people or goods by sea from deep sea port to deep sea port. Mother vessels have the capacity to carry thousands of containers for destination. The mother vessel covers large distance compared to feeder vessel. Capacity of a Mother Vessel is 10000 TEUs (Twenty foot Equipment Units) In 1960s, vessel capacity was maximum of 500 - 800 TEUs for each MV. Feeder vessel and Mother Vessels are also part of vessel carrying network. 

House Bill of Lading- HBL:
When your goods have been booked with a freight forwarder by sea, he as a carrier issues receipts of goods which is called House Bill of Lading HBL. In turn, freight forwarder books the cargo with vessel owner and collects Master Bill of Lading MBL. In a Master Bill of Lading, there can be more than one consignment. Once the cargo reaches at destination, the associate office of freight forwarder delivers cargo to the final consignee. A bill of lading issued by a freight forwarder or NVOCC (Non vessel operating companies) is called HBL House Bill of Lading. Once after receiving cargo from shipper after necessary customs formalities, the freight forwarder releases House Bill of Lading HBL to the shipper. House Bill of Lading also is a negotiable document and accepted similar to any Bill of Lading. Normally HBL House Bill of Lading is issued as per the terms and conditions of Multi model Transport Document Act. The shipper in House Bill of Lading is the exporter or shipper who delivers goods to freight forwarder and the importer or consignee, the party to whom the cargo has to be delivered by the said freight forwarder.

Master Bill of Lading –MBL:
The freight forwarder after receiving goods from shipper, re-book the same cargo to main carriers who are vessel owners. The main carriers, once cargo received, issues Bill of Lading to whom the cargo booked with him. This is called MBL Master Bill of Lading. In a master bill of lading, the shipper will be the freight forwarder who delivers the cargo to main carrier and the consignee, the overseas counterpart party of the freight forwarder who receives the goods from final shipper.
  
Original Forwarders Cargo Receipt- FCR:

FORWARDERS CARGO RECEIPT PREPARATION: The Buyer in the Forwarders Cargo Receipt (FCR) must match the Consignee Party in the Master Bill of Lading (MBL) for carrier direct shipments or the House Bill of Lading (HBL) for Forwarder nvocc service. The origin and destination of the two documents must be the same.

DHL AWB:
What is House AWB (HAWB): When your goods have been booked with a freight forwarder by air, he as a carrier issues receipts of goods which is called House Airway Bill (HAWB). In turn, freight forwarder books the cargo with aircraft and collects Groupage airway bill or Master Airway Bill (MAWB). In an MAWB, there could be more than one consignment. Once the cargo reaches at destination, the associate office of freight forwarder delivers cargo to the final consignee.

Cubic Meter-CBM: CBM means Cubic Meter.

Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) - as per requirement of EU:  

Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), Certificate of origin (Combined declaration and certificate) is a scheme whereby a wide range of industrial and agricultural products originating and RMG and some others originating in certain developing countries are given preferential access to the markets of the European Union. The GSP scheme is specifically designed to benefit certain developing countries and integrate them into the world economy. GSP allows developing country exporters to pay lower duties on their exports to the EU. This gives them vital access to EU markets and contributes to their economic growth.

Letter of Credit-LC:
As per your buyer need to open a Letter of credit LC In this case, Letter of credit is opened by your bank and beneficiary of letter of credit is your overseas seller of machinery. Letter of credit is a guarantee given by your bank “not you” to your buyer’s bank on account of your buyer. The amount under LC is transferred as per the terms and conditions mentioned on Letter of credit.

INTERNATIONAL LOGISTICS PROCEDURES of CARGO LOADABILITY GUIDELINES:


  • Forwarder consolidates cargo from multiple vendors for FCL shipments whenever possible. Loadability Guidelines are as follows, subject to commodity and packaging. Equipment used is subject to carriers’ equipment availability. Containers may not exceed road weight limits at origin or destination.


  • Under Armour’s goal is to achieve 90% container utilization by vendor.  All vendors are required to build full container loads when possible, however cargo cannot be held for more than 5 days without approval from the applicable “destination” production planner.


 All loaded containers must be loaded and segregated by:


1
Ship to
2
PO
3
Outer Carton label facing out

  • If there are cases where a container will not be full due to the loading guidelines, it will be okay for the vendor to not follow the full guidelines to make a full container. PO’s still may not be split; the whole PO must be able to fit. If the vendor has any inquiries, please have them contact the local Forwarder office.
  • If a full container load is not possible within the week, cargo should be shipped light load by the below standards:
Container size
Forwarder loaded containers
Factory loaded containers

MINIMUM

MINIMUM

53’ dry
95 cbm

95 cbm

45’ dry
73 cbm

73 cbm

40’ high cube dry
63 cbm

(63 cbm)

40’ standard dry
53 cbm

(53 cbm)

20’ standard Dry
Min 26 cbm - * D20 must be approved  by Under Armour
Min 26 cbm - *D20 must be approved by Under Armour
Ship Forwarder loads as LCL if less than
24 cbms     *must be approved by Under Armour
Hold for more cargo
(7 days or not to exceed cargo free time)

  • All bookings for D20 must be approved by Under Armour as a booking exception
  • LCL cargo is to be held for consolidation as approved by Under Armour to make an FCL Container to the same destination customer in the same container.  In the event an FCL container cannot be met, upon approval from Under Armour, cargo will move as LCL to the ultimate customer destination.
  • Splitting PO’s across containers is permitted, HOWEVER the same SIZE for a PO / Style cannot be split across containers.


Container Loading:

1.      Vendors should attempt to build full container loads when possible, however cargo cannot be held for more than 5 days without approval from the applicable “destination” Production Planner.  If full container load is not possible within the week, cargo will be shipped LCL. 

2.   Container Consolidation Minimums – Forwarder Origin will make a full container load whenever possible. Forwarder Origin will utilize 40’, 40’HQ, 45’ dry) containers as necessary to achieve full container loads.

3.     If a shipment will be FCL it must be Floor-Loaded and packed to keep complete Purchase Orders together.   Splitting PO’s across containers is permitted, HOWEVER the same SIZE for a PO / Style cannot be split across containers. (see below Sorting by Size)
 
TRUCK LOADED SHIPMENTS (INTRA – EUROPE):

Shipments that total less than 18.24 cubic meters must be palletized and shipped as a less than truckload.   Shipments that are larger than 18.24 cubic meters must be floor loaded and shipped as a full truckload.  Floor loaded shipments must be separated by purchase order.  Freight must be loaded and locked to avoid any shifting in transit.

SORTING BY SIZE – the Vendor will deliver cargo to Forwarder Origin sorted by Ship to and PO Quantity; Outer Carton label facing out.  

If it is not sorted down to size level, the origin will charge the vendor the local sorting / segregation fee for the volume that needs to be re-sorted.

Under Armour will advise certain Pos are more critical than others and therefore will need to take loading priority or be loaded at the tail of the container.

When co-loading both footwear and apparel po’s in a container,  the footwear PO ‘s should be loaded towards the nose and other commodities PO’s  (including apparel) towards the tail

Under Armour only allows partial shipments of a purchase order with their prior approval. Under Armour will allow a variance of +/- 3% of total P.O. quantity for Distribution House (Commodity – apparel only) and 0% for Non- Dist House (all commodities)


Canada: Transport Canada is the federal department responsible for implementing and enforcing transportation policies and programs. The Canadian Border Services Agency is responsible for enforcing most regulations that affect international freight forwarders. International security measures are the dominant concern. The Canadian International Freight Forwarders Association (CIFFA) was established in 1948 to support and protect the character, status and interest of foreign freight forwarders by establishing uniform trade practice and regulations. CIFFA also plays an educational role by providing certificate and advanced certificate programs.

Bangladesh: Freight forwarders must have a government license.

Australia: In Australia most licensed Customs Clearance Agents (commonly referred to as Customs Brokers) operate under a freight forwarder.

UK: In the U.K., freight forwarders are not licensed, but many are members of the British International Freight Association. They consolidate goods from different consignors into full loads for road transport to Europe, known as group age. Some offer services such as export packing.

A freight forwarder- forwarder, or forwarding agent, is a person or company that organizes shipments for individuals or corporations to get goods from the manufacturer or producer to a market, customer or final point of distribution. Forwarders contract with a carrier to move the goods. A forwarder does not move the goods but acts as an expert in supply chain management. A forwarder contracts with carriers to move cargo ranging from raw agricultural products to manufactured goods. Freight can be booked on a variety of shipping providers, including ships, airplanes, trucks, and railroads. It is not unusual for a single shipment to move on multiple carrier types. 'International freight forwarders" typically handle international shipments. International freight forwarders have additional expertise in preparing and processing customs and other documentation and performing activities pertaining to international shipments.

Information typically reviewed by a freight forwarder includes the commercial invoice, shipper's export declaration, bill of lading and other documents required by the carrier or country of export, import, and/or transshipment. Much of this information is now processed in a paperless environment.